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Navigating the Changing Landscape of Food Production: New Regulations, Labelling, and Recycling Initiatives.

23rd January 2024

The food production industry is undergoing a period of significant transformation, driven by a confluence of factors, including evolving consumer preferences, technological advancements, and environmental concerns. To keep pace with these changes, the UK government and food manufacturers are implementing new regulations, enhancing food labelling, and introducing initiatives to promote sustainable food waste management.

New UK Food Labels Regulations Set From October 2023 and January 2024

In October 2023, the UK introduced new labelling requirements for food products, marking a shift from EU regulations following the Brexit transition period. These changes aim to provide consumers with clearer and more accurate information about the nutritional content and origin of their food choices. Key changes include:

  • Front-of-pack labelling: The Nutri-Score system, which rates foods based on their nutritional value, will become mandatory for pre-packed foods with more than 1.25 grams of fat, 1.25 grams of sugar, or 0.5 grams of saturated fat per 100 grams or 100 millilitres.
  • Ingredient labelling: The list of ingredients must now be displayed in descending order of weight, making it easier for consumers to identify the predominant components of a product.
  • Country of origin labelling: For certain categories of food, the country of origin or primary place of processing must be clearly indicated on the label.


What is the Food Labelling Modernization Act, and How Will it Impact Food Labels?

The Food Labelling Modernization Act (FLMA), enacted in 2023 in the USA, further enhances food labelling regulations by addressing emerging food trends and consumer concerns. Key provisions include:

  • Transparency of plant-based foods: The FLMA clarifies labelling requirements for plant-based foods, ensuring that consumers are informed about the nature and composition of these products.
  • Nutritional information for alcoholic beverages: Alcoholic beverages with added sugar or artificial sweeteners will be required to display their nutritional content on labels.
  • Declaration of allergens: The declaration of allergens, including hidden sources of gluten, will be strengthened to enhance consumer safety.


New Food Recycling Laws Across the UK 

To combat the growing issue of food waste, the UK government has introduced new recycling laws aimed at diverting more food from landfills. These initiatives include:
• Mandatory food waste collection: Local authorities are now required to collect food waste from households along with their regular waste collections.
• Retailer food waste targets: Large retailers are subject to mandatory targets for reducing their food waste, promoting more sustainable practices throughout the supply chain.
• Public awareness campaigns: The government is investing in public awareness campaigns to educate consumers about food waste prevention and composting practices.



The UK food production industry is embracing a range of changes to enhance transparency, promote sustainable practices, and align with consumer expectations. From updated labelling regulations to innovative recycling initiatives, these transformations are shaping the future of food consumption and production in the UK.
With such strict rules in the UK compared to the USA, do you believe the USA will ever bring itself in line with our rules to ensure the safety of its population?